Fish Food

Fish Food – The Ultimate Guide

The amount of fish food that you choose to provide for your fish is very important because you should not overfeed or underfeed them. Overfeeding will contaminate the tank water making it unhealthy for the fish to survive. Also, excess fish food can clog up the filtration system making the water more toxic. In the wild fish have the advantage of eating their favorite food as much as necessary but in an aquarium, you are responsible for your fish having a balanced diet.

How do you know the right amount of fish food to feed your fish?

The right quantity fully depends on the type and size of fish in your fish tank. There are certain fish food that are best suited for a particular species only. You can begin by sprinkling a tiny amount of fish food in the tank and observe. It is better to feed your fish little amounts at first as you increase with time.

Most breeds only require feeding once a day, though you can decide to split the food into two smaller potions and feed the fish twice a day. There are some fish that can feed even when they are not hungry so that means that feeding them once a day is recommended to avoid overfeeding.

Types of fish food

There are different types of fish food that serve a specific purpose. Being able to identify the right type of food for your fish can sometimes be overwhelming especially if you lack information on the best food types. The following are some types of fish food available in local pet stores.

Freeze Dried food
This is the most popular fish food available because they are cheap and readily available. Dried food comes in different recipes to suit all kinds of breeds from herbivores to carnivores. This type of fish food can last for years if properly kept so you won’t have to spend a lot on food.

This food type is best suited for surface feeding fish and those that usually feed in the middle of the fish tank. The flakes quickly dissolve in water losing its nutrients. This makes it unsuited for fish that swim at the bottom of the aquarium.

Crisps and Pellets
These are a denser type of the flakes and the extra thickness makes it float longer and dissolve at a slower rate.

Frozen Foods

There are many frozen foods on the market. Here are the most popular:

Blood Worms
Frozen blood worms are very easy to find in just about every pet store. Blood worms are suitable for all types of fish and are very popular among discus keepers. You must be careful not to feed your discus fish frozen blood worms as their primary diet. Blood worms tend to cause bloat in discus fish which can lead to death if not treated quickly. Therefore, it is recommended that you only feed frozen blood worms 2 to 3 times a week at most.

Mysis Shrimp
Frozen mysis shrimp are also very popular for all types of fish both fresh and saltwater. Mysis shrimp resemble brine shrimp but are larger in size. They don’t have too much protein but work well as a treat for your fish once in a while.

Beef Heart
Frozen beef heart is very popular with discus keepers. Beef heart is available in pet stores but many discus keepers make their own beef heart at home. There is a lot of controversy on the benefits of beef heart with discus fish. Many discus keepers swear by the fact that beef heart has a lot of protein and helps the discus grow fast. While others argue that discus do not eat any type of beef in the wild. The digestive system of discus fish is not designed to process beef and ends up getting your discus sick. Also discus will take time before they will even consider eating beef heart. I personally have had better success feeding beef heart to wild discus that domestic discus. Also, the beef heart sold in stores is known to have more fillers than beef which is another reason discus do not like it. My advice on beef heart is that its ok to feed once in a while as a special treat but not as the primary diet.

Live Foods

Live foods are also very popular among aquarium keeps.

Black Worms
Live black worms are the most popular type of live food in the aquarium hobby. Black worms are good for fish as long as they are rinsed thoroughly before feeding. When feeding black worms on a regular basis you need to make sure you have a proper black worm holding container that helps keep your black worms fresh for extended periods of time.

Brine Shrimp
Brine shrimp is also very popular among discus keepers. Most hobbyists hatch their own brine shrimp. Brine shrimp are good for baby fish and to get bigger fish excited about new food. however brine shrimp does not have much nutritional value so cannot be used as the only type of food for fish.

So what is the best type of food for fish then? The answer is a combination of all of the foods mentioned above. make sure you feed your fish a variety of foods throughout the week. Fish will get tired of the same foods over and over just like humans so switch it up. Plan on feeding different types of foods daily and you will see good results.


Brine Shrimp Flakes

Fish Food Recipes

Discus Flakes

Beef Heart Flakes

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Turtle Tank

Turtle Tank- How to Set One Up

I get many questions from customers asking if they can keep turtles with fish. I get this question so often that I decided to write a specific article for it.

For all of you wondering – it is NOT a good idea to keep discus fish in a Turtle Tank!

Pet turtles are interesting pets to own because they make fascinating little companions who are gentle and very shy. They can be very interactive once they are comfortable in their new turtle tank. If you want to have a quiet pet the turtles can be a great addition to your home. They are very quiet animals making them perfect for people who live in apartments. Another great benefit of keeping turtles is that they have a long lifespan of up to 30 years.

Choosing the right turtle tank

Turtles need water and dry land to survive meaning that they will need a lot of space to swim freely and move around without difficulty. They also require a dry area where they can warm up away from the water. this dry place is known as the basking area and it is very important to include such an area in the turtle tank.

For turtles which are about 6 inches and below, a 30-gallon tank is recommended. While for medium sized pet turtles the 50-gallon tank is more suitable. Large turtles of more than 8 inches are more suited for the 75-gallon tank to ensure that the turtle has adequate room for swimming and basking.

When choosing a turtle tank, you should avoid going for the reptile tank which is designed for terrestrial reptiles. This is because the glass is usually very thin and might not be able to support the water pressure required to hold the water in the tank.

A good tank should be 0.4 inches at the minimum.
The turtle tank should be deeper in height than it is wide. This is because your turtle will require more room to flip correctly if by accident it turns upside down.
Add necessary equipment

You can choose to have a lamp that can easily be hooked on to the turtle tank or simply find one that can be placed separately but directed to the tank. The light is important to the turtle when it is basking and so the light should always face the basking area. UVB light is mostly recommended because it helps stimulate vitamin D3 that will make the turtle healthy and with a strong shell.

Other equipment to add can include a water heater for species that prefer warm water. you can decide to invest in a good turtle tank filter which will clean the water and ensure that your turtle is in a safe environment. You will also have to change the tank water every week to prevent waste accumulation in the tank.

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Cichlids – How to set up a tank for them

The African cichlids are popularly known for their vibrant colors that add beauty to the aquarium. Cichlids are a variety of freshwater fish that come from the family of cichlidae. These types of fish are split in to two groups. The first group is the central and south American while the second group is the Africans.

Tank Size

Cichlids can sometimes be easy to maintain and take care of even though they are different from the other types of fresh water fish when it comes to behavior and the water requirements. The minimum tank size should be 48 gallons for the larger species and 33 gallons for the smaller species. These types of fish usually need a lot of swimming space so a large fish tank is always advised.

Decorating the tank

Adding rockery to the fish tank is important to a cichlids aquarium because they love to find spaces to hide in. this in turn reduces aggression and enables the fish to create its territory. You can carefully pile the rocks together to form caves which will act as great hide outs for the fish. Once they come out of their hiding places, cichlids love swimming in open spaces and so you should create enough room for them to swim in.

You can use clay flowerpots as a decoration and also a hiding place and shelter for the fish. Most cichlids dig the gravel at the base of the tank and can even up root plants. You can add java fern to the tank because they are sturdy and do well under the water conditions for required for cichlids.

Water Requirements

Maintaining the right pH levels to support the cichlids requires that you use coral gravel as a substrate. You can use salt additives and buffers to maintain a high pH level. The buffers also add extra minerals to the tank water to keep the fish healthy. The fish tank water temperature for African cichlids should range between 70 degrees to 84 degrees. Water temperatures higher than the recommended range can greatly increase the fish metabolism which might end up affecting the immune system and increase aggression in African cichlids.
Proper filtration is essential for an aquarium that hosts the cichlids. This is because these fish produce a lot of waste which need to be filtered. Water changes should be done regularly on a weekly basis to maintain healthy fish.

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Arowana Fish

Arowana Fish – Tank Set Up

The silver arowana is sometimes called the dragon fish or the monkey fish. This is a type of freshwater fish which originates from south America. It Popularly known for its large size and hunting prowess making it a valuable possession for any aquarist. Though the arowana fish is not recommended for beginners, it is a great addition to an aquarium of an experienced keeper.

The arowana are known to be powerful swimmers that can sometimes be aggressive due to their predatory nature. They can grow to be 4-foot-long in size and weigh over 6kg. those raised in captivity have a long lifespan of up to 15 years. They are great hunters that make them hunt small animals in the lower branches. This type of fish has the ability to withstand short periods out of water due to its swim bladder.

General behavior for arowanas in a fish tank

Arowana fish is surprisingly skittish. It can get easily scared from unexpected sudden movements like for instance when you approach the fish tank quickly. This can be controlled by keeping the tank in a quiet place with low foot traffic to avoid them getting scared each time someone walks past the tank.

Dragon fish love swimming close to the water surface and you will notice that most of the time they will be near the surface of the water. The silver arowana is a notorious jumper and can jump up to 3 meters high. This type of behavior is usually common when the arowana is in a new aquarium or in a small tank.

A small tank can be very dangerous because the arowana will try jumping its way to freedom regardless of whether the tank is covered or not. These fish should be placed in a large tank that is suitable to accommodate the large size.
Tank requirements for the arowana fish.

The silver arowana fish will quickly outgrow beginner tanks and usually require a tank that can accommodate at least 250 gallons of water.

A Juvenile arowana can be kept in a smaller aquarium of 60 gallons but will eventually require to be moved to a bigger tank once they increase in size.

The substrate can consist of small gravel which can be fine or coarse. The fish tank should have a lot of space to allow free movement of the arowana. You can decorate the tank with sturdy plants and rockwork. Plants with weak roots can be easily dislodged by the fish.

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10 Gallon Fish Tank

10 Gallon Fish Tank – All You Need to Know About It

The most common type of aquarium used by fish lovers is the 10-gallon fish tank. Its small size makes it a popular choice for most households because it occupies less space while making the room look artistic and beautiful. This beginner tank is commonly preferring because it is cheap and easy to set up compared to the other sizes.

The 10 gallon fish tank equipment include the common things needed to make an aquarium efficient. A filter is one of the most important components in a fish tank. It ensures that the water in the tank is clean and healthy for the fish.

The other key equipment is the heater which maintains optimum temperature for the fish. The type of heater depends on the size of the tank so the 10 gallon fish tank will have a small heater compared to a large tank.

Stocking ideas for a 10 gallon fish tank

There are several types of fish that can thrive in a 10-gallon fish tank if the aquarium is kept clean and under optimum conditions. Some popular fresh fish you can keep in your tank include:
• Danios and barbs: the two types of fish are a great choice for beginner tanks because they are more tolerant to unpredictable water changes therefore might last longer compared to other species.
• Tetras. These species of fish are very popular and their bright colors make them a great addition to a water tank if you want it to have a more vibrant look.
• Guppies. They are mostly known for their vibrant tails which make the 10-gallon fish tank light up as they swim from one end to another.
• Dwarf Corydoras. They are easy to maintain and care for especially if you have limited time to take care of the tank.
In order for your fish to co-exist well together then you should choose fish in the that are less than or equals to 2 inches. Also find out about the adult size of the fish you want to put in the tank to avoid having them grow to a point where they are too big.

2 types of 10-gallon fish tank

The 10-gallon fish tank comes in two types, acrylic and glass. Glass aquariums usually have the best quality because they are durable and much harder to get scratches. Cleaning an acrylic tank involves using acrylic safe equipment to avoid scratching the tank. This size of fish tank will is a common choice if you are just getting started in having an aquarium.

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Fish Bowl

Fish Bowl – How to Provide the Best Care for it

Fish bowls are cheap to maintain and do not occupy much space. This is probably the reason why many pet lovers who have limited space to accommodate fish tanks usually prefer to have a fish bowl. There are various choices that you can choose from when it comes to decorating your fish’s home. You can go for the bright decorations or a more laid-back look.

Setting up a fish bowl

A fish bowl, unlike a fish tank has no filtration, heat or an aeration system. The size of a fish bowl depends on what will be more convenient to you and your fish. You will require a water conditioner which will assist in the removal of chlorine and other water contaminants from the bowl water. Finding the best water conditioner in your area will depend on the level of chlorine found in the water you use.

You can cover the bottom of your bowl with gravel or marbles to provide a base for your fish bowl. You can add decorative plastics to give the bowl a more interesting look, this is because live plants are not recommended for fish bowls.

Cleaning the bowl involves washing it with warm water and salt that is non iodized. You should not use any soap or bleach because they may leave harmful residue which might affect the fish. You can also wash the marbles and gravel by getting rid of all the excess dust and color. You can now place the marbles or gravel at the bottom of the fish bowl then add room temperature water containing the correct amount of conditioner. It is advised that you let the water sit for at least one hour before putting in the fish.

Taking care of the fish bowl

A fish bowl has no heater so the water temperature is usually that of the room. This means that you should not put the bowl near a window with direct sunlight because the water might heat up very quickly and be harmful to the fish. Always choose fish the right size of fish that will not be too big for the bowl. You want your fish to swim freely without having to struggle to get enough water for air.

Fish bowl water should be changed regularly at least once a week because the fish waste is not processed like that in an aquarium. The water should always appear crystal clear and should be changed when you notice waste accumulating at the base of the bowl.

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Fish Tank Decorations

Fish Tank Decorations- Why they are important!

Decorating your fish tank is usually the best way of adding color to your tank. You can choose an exciting theme and then get the necessary items that will make the entire look pleasing not only to you but also to the fish in your aquarium. There are lots of aquarium decorations with varying colors and sizes both artificial and natural that you can find online or in stores.

Factors to consider when choosing fish tank decorations

1. Choosing the right substrate
Fish tank sands come in many colors giving you a variety to choose from. Pick your favorite color although you can consider choosing light colors which become glittery and brighten up the entire aquarium. Another interesting option can be a pale tan type of sand which will make your fish tank appear like an ocean.

2. Manufactured additions
Choose plastic plants that appear live like to make your aquarium look like the bottom of the ocean. Plastic plants can be used to hide the infiltration machine making your fish tank more aesthetically pleasing.

Consider adding novelty items such as treasure chests, bottles and mermaids to create an ocean theme that will make the tank more interesting to observe. You can also include a pirate ship to add some sense of adventure. Creating an underwater fantasy with small fake squids and octopus can be a great way to decorate your aquarium.

Ceramic pieces are also great fish tank decorations to add to your fish tank. Choose pieces with variety of bright patterns to set a mood which you want your tank to have. You can include piece that have nautical themes and that are safe for an aquarium.

3. Decorating around the aquarium
Creating the right background for your fish tank can bring out a specific mood. You can choose a solid color that is similar to the ocean or a particular sand type. There are several backgrounds that you can choose from at the pet store and even on online stores.

You can add items that match your theme by placing them outside the tank. Such items can include a shell bra, bowl of gold, coins and pirate’s hat among others. You can put fake flowers and brightly colored gravel around the tank to support your chosen theme.

Decorating a fish tank is simple
Finding the right fish tank decorations means coming up with a particular theme which you would want your tank to have. Always consider working your way up as you start with the base then the gravel and stones as you decide on live or fake plants.

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Saltwater Fish Tank

Have you always wanted to have a saltwater fish tank and just didn’t know how to get started? Well having your own saltwater tank can be a great source of relaxation in your home or office. Beautiful fish tanks light up the room by making it more aesthetically pleasing. You can now have your own saltwater aquarium without having to stretch your wallet trying to find the best fish tank. The following are some of the things you need to consider when choosing the right saltwater aquarium.

Things to consider when choosing your saltwater fish tank

• Type of ecosystem
You will have to decide on the kind of fish you want to include in your tank. For instance, do you want to have beautiful fish with bright colors or would you prefer to go for a basic saltwater fish tank with different types of fish altogether?

• What is the size of the fish tank?
Do you want a small tank that will occupy less space in your home or do you prefer a large tank that will be the main focus of the room? The larger the size of the aquarium then the more responsibility you will have of setting up the tank. A Nano aquarium is usually cheaper to start with compared to the larger size.

• Choose the right filtration system
You will now have to choose the best filtration system that suits your saltwater fish tank. This is because you always have to ensure that the tank water is clear and clean by removing water pollutants like waste from fish and uneaten food. There are different types of filtration systems which you can choose from depending on the size of the aquarium and your budget.

• Type of fish
Different fish have varying requirements in order to survive under optimum conditions. You should consider the environment under which the fish you want to have will thrive. Consider proper lighting and right sand texture and rocks.

Setting up a saltwater fish tank

The entire process of putting together a saltwater fish tank can seem to be overwhelming but knowing exactly what to look out for can ensure you get the best tank. You can conduct research to find out the type of livestock you are interested in having as well as the food that you are willing to purchase regularly without feeling like you are spending too much.

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Fish Tank Stand

If you own an aquarium or a fish tank. A fish tank stand will become furniture and part of the interior design or décor of your home or office. Therefore, it must fit right in like ying and yang, bonny and Clyde; you get the idea.

Fish tank stands designs are created to accommodate fish tanks from 10 to 90 gallons of water. It is not just a thing to put your fish tank or aquarium on but a tool to display your masterpiece. After all, you selected the aquarium and the decorations and decided which fish would live there. So now is the time to show it off. The right fish tank should be a showcase designed for efficiency.

Top Selling Fish Tank Stands

1. Imagitarium Newport Wooden Tank Stand – for 20 Gallon Aquariums, 24.75 in” rel=”noopener” target=”_blank”>Imagitarian Newport Wooden tank stand sells for $47.99. It has a modern design that is fresh and clean. It also has protective leveling feet that is easily assembled and adjusted. It has an overall rating of 4 out of 5 stars.

2. Sauder 416443, Select Aquarium Stand, 48″ x 12″ – 33/40 Long, 55 Gallon, Jamocha Wood Finish” rel=”noopener” target=”_blank”>Sauder 416443 Select Aquarium Stand 48” x 12”. Sells for $149.99. It has a Jamocha Wood finish and it is water resistant. Comes with adjustable shelves and double doors for hidden storage. It has an overall rating of 5 out of 5 stars.

3. Aquatic Fundamentals 16751, 75/90 Gallon Upright Aquarium Stand” rel=”noopener” target=”_blank”>Aquatic fundamentals Silver Vein Scroll Aquarium Stand, 20 gallons. Sells for $38.89 and has an overall rating of 5 stars out of 5. Its dimensions are: 24.3″L x 27.8″H x 12.5″. With a classic scroll design it comes ready to assemble. It has a resistance to moisture and has a powder coated finish.

4. Ameriwood Home Harbor 50 – 75 Gallon Aquarium Stand, Black” rel=”noopener” target=”_blank”>Ameriwood Home Aquarium Stand. Has an Overall rating of 3 out of 5 stars and sells for $160.76. It can hold 50-75 gallon aquarium. It is made of laminated particle board and MDF. There are also other furniture items that you can buy to go with this accessory. Customer reviews revealed issues with the package and shipping procedures. Other reviews said that the product looked great once it was assembled.

5. Imagitarium Brushed Steel Look Fish Tank Stand, Up to 55 Gal, 14.25 in” rel=”noopener” target=”_blank”>Imagitarian Brushed Steel hook fish tank stand holds an aquarium with up to 55 gallons of water. It sells for $161.99. it appears sturdy and durable with adjustable shelves. Its simple contemporary design allows it to blend with the décor of your space. It has an overall rating of 4 ½ stars out of 5.

6. Ameriwood Home Cove 20 Gallon Aquarium Stand, Rustic Oak” rel=”noopener” target=”_blank”>Ameriwood Home Cove 20 gallon Aquarium Stand. It is made with laminated particles and MDF. It has a medium brown colour, 4 open cubbies and 2 doors to provide both open and concealed storage space. It sells for $98.98.

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Gold Fish

The Gold Fish is the most commonly kept aquarium pet. Its origins can be traced back to East Asia and is a fresh water fish. Most people when thinking of getting a pet, select a Gold Fish. This is mostly because of its popularity, it’s not expensive and is very easy to acquire and care for.

Make sure to select the fish food that is specifically designed for the Gold fish. You cannot just purchase any old fish food. The fish food that the fish from the tropics eat has different nutrients. Fish food that is designed for the Gold Fish is less concentrated on protein and more concentrated on carbohydrates. If you want to treat your gold fish very special; then you can go ahead and prepare boiled vegetables. For example: Zucchini, peas and carrots. Make sure to chop them first into tiny pieces before feeding them to your fish.

Do not feed your fish too much! Food passes through the body of the gold fish very quickly as they do not have stomachs. Too much food can cause them to have problems such as swimming properly and even constipation.

The Tank / Aquarium
Inside the tank of a Gold Fish enthusiast should be at a temperature of about 65 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. An immersive heater is recommended to gauge and monitor the temperature of the tank, especially at nights. Refrain from putting untreated tap water in your tank. Untreated tank water contains many pollutants that can kill your fish. Also, do not fill your tanks to the top because Gold fishes have been known to jump from the aquarium, most times to their deaths.

The recommended water for your tank, is the tap water that has been treated with some kind of de-chlorinator; or you could just purchase Beta Water from your pet store.

Gold fish produce a lot of ammonia. This ammonia can pollute your aquarium. Therefore, you should also cycle your tank to help keep a balance between good and bad bacteria. Make sure to buy a filter that is large enough for your aquarium. The recommended tank size for a single Gold fish is 40 to 50 gallons of water.

Try not to have too many fishes in your tank. However, if new fishes are added to your population, make sure to quarantine them first. New fishes may be carrying diseases that can infect your healthy population. One other important point to remember is that not many species of fish can co-exist with the Gold fish; so you might not want to mix them with other species. Especially not with discus fish!

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Sucker Fish

The Sucker Fish, also known as Plecostomus; got its name by its tendency to feed by sucking up plants and invertebrates. Its mouth is on the bottom of its head, allowing its lips to perform a sucking action. Suckers are freshwater fishes that live on the floors of slow moving streams and lakes. They are close relatives of the carp and Minnow. There are approximately 100 species of Sucker Fishes. They can live for 10 to 15 years in captivity and may grow to be 12 to 18 inches long.

The Sucker Fish can be considered to be a wise choice for addition to any fish tank or aquarium. Why you might ask? They serve as a built in clean up system as they eat algae found on tank surfaces and also food particles from the bottom of the tank. Their mild personalities makes them compatible with almost any tank mate.

How to Care for Them
You can provide a suitable home for your Sucker Fish by having a beautifully decorated tank, with just enough exposure to sunlight. The tank should be situated in an area that promotes the growth of algae to provide for the need of your Sucker Fish, who feeds on this algae. Add some driftwood and make certain there are lots of places to hide in the tank. Even though the sucker Fish likes to feed on algae; regular treats of fresh food are always a good idea.

To adequately care for a Sucker Fish, you might have to give them special considerations, such as: leaving a small space at the top of the tank. They often swallow air in order to help them float better. However, remember to keep the tank lid closed. Sucker Fishes have been known to escape their tanks. They can survive short periods without water. So if you discover one outside of the tank; just put it back and chances are it will be fine. You will also be happy to know that sucker fish are good tank mates with discus fish. They will help keep the algae under control.

Interesting Facts about the Sucker Fish

• It does not breed successfully in captivity even though it’s possible.

• A superstition surrounds its name: that saying its name or writing its name will cause the fish to die. Therefore, some pet owners refrain from doing so.

• It can survive adverse conditions, such as being out of water for up to 30 hours because of its ability to store large amounts of air in its intestines.

• It is considered an invasive species because it lives wild in several states of the United States of America; outside of its native territories.

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Parrot Fish

The Scientific name for the Parrot Fish is Scaridae and is prevalently found in the shallows of tropical oceans worldwide. The Parrot Fish got its name because of its beak-like structure, which is in resemblance to the beak of a Parrot. They are considered to be a vital component of a marine ecosystem. There are approximately nine known species of Parrot Fish. Often described as having a thick mass and large scales; they appear in a variety of colors, which may change based on their sex or maturity.

Weird and Interesting facts

• It spins a cocoon of mucous around itself at night. This cocoon is a defense mechanism against predators such as eels and sharks. The cocoon allows the Parrot Fish to be alerted whenever a predator tries to penetrate it.

• The Parrot Fish is credited for the production of sand. It does so by consuming algae, which is digested and then excreted as sand. It is said that one Parrot fish is able to turn one ton of coral into sand per year.

• The Parrot Fish thrives in schools of about 40, led by a dominant male. They are also known to change sex numerous times throughout their lives.

• They have two sets of teeth which are made of a substance considered to be of the hardest bio-minerals in the world; making it harder than gold, silver and copper. One set of teeth allows it to scrape off corals by the bit, the other set allows it to crush the pieces.

Most popular types of Parrot Fish
• Blue Parrot: as the name suggests are blue, with a yellow spot on its head, which fades as the fish matures. They can grow to be 12 to 30 inches long.

• Rainbow Parrot: Scientifically called Scarus Guacamaia is multicolored, usually with green, brown and faint orange. This type is dwindling in population, causing it to become rare and putting them on the near threatened list. They can grow to be 47 inches long, weighing as much as 40 pounds.

• Stop Light Parrot: Scientifically called Spansoma Vindie normally grows 12 to 18 inches long. They usually have a yellow spot which only becomes visible when they are mature.

The Parrot Fish is not recommended to populate aquariums, as they do not adapt well to captivity. They are quite delicate as they are prone to stress which can shorten their life span. They are also very important to the Ocean’s eco-system. Without them the coral reefs will die.

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Oscar Fish

In tropical South America originates a species of fish called the Oscar Fish. The Oscar Fish is from the Cichlid family. It is also known by a variety of other names, such as: Tiger Oscar, Velvet Cichlid, and Marble Cichlid. The Oscar Fish has an uncanny likeliness to the piranha, but is not related in any way. It is a fresh water fish and has a life span of 10 – 20 years.

Do not get fooled by Oscars though. Even though they are cichlids they should only be kept with other Oscars and no other types of fish nor other cichlids. They definitely cannot be kept with discus fish nor neon tetras!!

Looks can be deceiving when it comes to the Oscar fish. They are truly fascinating because of the unpredictability of their social habits; which can be mesmerizing and captivating for a home audience. They are extremely popular for their effervescent beauty and gracefulness when swimming; but can be very aggressive. Never the less, they have found favor with human-kind.

Three reasons why Oscar Fishes make Great Pets

Oscar Fishes can be considered to be great pets because:
• They are highly domesticated; they often interact with owners and can even be trained to eat from their hand. They are considered to be highly intelligent and very sociable.
• They are playful in nature, often moving around items in their aquarium and have been known to shake their head or tail – these characteristics have earned them the name river dog, which makes them ideal pets.
• Pet owners easily fall in love with them because of their beautiful and vibrant colors which makes the aquarium come alive and adds to the décor of any room

How to care for your Oscar Fish
• Aquarium should be set up to mimic their natural habitat. Therefore, one must consider the temperature of the fresh water rivers of the Amazon, which is warm.
• Install a filter to clean the tank and a heater to ensure that the appropriate temperature is always maintained to cater to the comfort of your little friend or friends.
• Use an appropriate size aquarium depending on the number of Oscar fishes you plan to accommodate in your tank. 50 gallons of water per Oscar is ideal. They require a lot of space as they are considered to be very territorial. They will attack each other if there is not enough space. Approximately 30 gallons of water should be enough for each Oscar Fish that is added to the tank.

• Furnish your fish tank with things such as: sand, small rocks and logwood. You can even design sturdy caves. Make sure that the decorations are fixed and not easily dislodged. Real plants are not ideal so use decorative ones. They can add a little flair to the overall design and appearance of your aquarium.

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Clown Fish

Clown Fish- How to Care for them

Finding Nemo is the movie that mainly led people to have their own aquariums at home. This Nemo was an ocellaris clown fish which has become a common pet fish preferred by many households today. Clown Fish are saltwater fish. Below are a few hints of taking care of these beautiful fish that you should use on a regular basis.

• These clown fish are typically marine fish and thus they thrive in salty waters. One should, therefore, provide a salty water environment so that the fish can thrive well. These fish is quite easy to keep as long as you maintain a specific salt level. They do not require too many fancy equipment so that they live well.

• They are very beautiful fish and come in different patterns which include; white orange, the Davinci clown which has black patches, the naked ocellaris which is purely orange and the black ocellaris. They do well in the wild and thus they are a hardy fish meaning; they can adapt to different environments. Over the years they have adapted to being breed by humans and have come to become such worthy pets.

• For a full grown adult, it tends to grow to about 3 inches long. So for a pair of clown fish, it would be necessary to have a tank that contains about 20 gallons of water. It should also be noted that these fish act aggressively when they are more than a pair in the same tank.

• These fish are not picky about decor as they move about the water with gracefulness. One can add artificial ornaments or natural live rock to make the tank have a more natural look. The fish will not mind at all.

• One should also ensure they maintain the required water parameters for the clown fish. These parameters include; temperatures of about 76 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit and with a salinity of 1.020-1.026sg. The standard pH should be kept between 8.1-8.4.

• As these fish are omnivorous, they can eat anything you give them from marine formulae, flakes, and pellets to frozen meaty foods. You can opt to feed the fish once per day or break the feeding cycle into two smaller parts spread throughout the day.

• These fish also tend to be very sensitive to nitrates, the level should be maintained at 20ppm or less. To do this one can implement the usage of a filter that filters out the nitrates.

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Guppy Fish

Guppy Fish – How to Care For Them

Guppies are a good type of fish to keep as pets as they come in a range of colors, each giving more life to your aquarium and making it look more appealing. Below are a few pointers you should keep note if so as to have the healthiest guppy fish.

• These fish tend to thrive better in a higher pH of about 7-8 so put this into consideration when filling the water. The best choice of water would be hard water with a range of minerals like calcium and magnesium.

• The water should also be maintained at warm temperatures of about 76 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure you have an adequate water heater to maintain this temperature during the cold seasons. You should also ensure you constantly change the water so as to reduce the toxicity. When changing the water, do not stress the fish by removing too much water. Only cycle out a substantial amount. This also helps in adding new nutrients to the water which is highly beneficial for your fish.

• Guppy fish are livebearers meaning they give birth to live babies. You should consider this factor when choosing the tank to put the fish in as they tend to produce a lot. Give away any excess fish to your friends and family so that you can be able to maintain the few that remain. You can also opt to buy more tanks for your fish, that is, If you have money.

• You should maintain a proper feeding diet that enables your fish to grow and be healthy. Healthy fish are always the best as they bring more life to the fish tank making it a pleasant view. Guppy fish can be fed a variety of food including; flake foods, frozen marine foods, and even pellets. As you feed your fish, make sure you do not overfeed them as the excess food may increase the toxicity in the water.

• Guppy fish are fun and peaceful and hence can flourish well with other fish species. Aggressive fish like red-tailed sharks, on the other hand, should not be placed anywhere near your guppy fish, as they might fight to the death.

• The male guppy fish tend to have more color than the female ones. It is, however, advisable to keep more females than males so that there will not be too much reproduction that will overcrowd your fish tank.

If you have any questions about Guppy Fish feel free to Contact Us

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Tetra Fish

Tetra Fish Care

The Tetra are small fish that mainly originate from around the Amazon river. It’s important to keep your fish in a clean environment that keeps them healthy and happy. Below are just a few tips on how to achieve this.

• The Neon Tetra is a good fish for any beginner and is cheaper than the cardinal tetra. It can live alone in a 5-gallon tank as it is not that huge. This makes it more convenient as it becomes easy to manage. The bare minimum should be 10 gallons if you would wish to go for at least 8 to 10 fish. They are not really great when it comes to schooling and thus they are kept in low numbers.

• A well-planted tank is preferred as it makes the environment more natural. Live plants also help in the nitrogen cycle and this helps to filter out the toxic ammonia from the water making it conducive for the fish.

• On the negative side, these fish are not that hardy meaning they do not deal well with new environments. It is, therefore, necessary to cycle the water you use from already established aquariums so that the fish can be able to cope.

• The pH for the fish’s water should be maintained between 5 to 7.5. The temperature of the water should also be checked regularly and should range from 69 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit. The water hardness should be maintained at around 1 -10 DH. Failure of meeting these parameters will result in your fish having a lower life span. They are also susceptible to low temperatures as infections grow which can be fatal to the Neon Tetra fish. So make sure that the water for the fish is kept in has the right parameters for the fish to thrive.

• Make sure you feed your neon tetra either 2 to 3 times a day. Do not overfeed the fish as it may lead to the buildup of toxic waste in the aquarium. These fish are omnivorous when in the wild, they mainly ravage on live insects so make sure that you provide a variety of food to your fish. This may include; blood worms, wingless fruit flies and even algae. A proper diet will make the color have brighter colors, it will also make the fish move about more often as it has energy.

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Koi Fish

Koi Fish – Different Types

Koi fish are fish that are mainly breed in Japan. They are part of the carp family but due to decades of breeding by the Japanese, they have mainly adopted the orange and white color which symbolizes tranquility in Japan. The Japanese have developed shows for this fish which showcase their immense beauty. It was only in 2017 when a breeder in Japan sold his koi fish for around 1.8 million dollars making it the most expensive pet fish in the world.

The best koi fish are distinguished by their good pattern in color. The Japanese have used selective breeding to exploit the fish’s color to make it look quite beautiful.
The koi fish come in a variety of breeds including;

• The Kohaku; this fish has a solid white base with patterns of red overlaid on top of the white. To know that it is of top quality, make sure that the fish displays a bright blemish free white combined with deep vibrant red tones. The variations for this type include; the Doitsu Kohaku, the Gin Rin Kohaku, and the Tancho Kohaku.

• The Showa Sanshoku; This is a koi fish with a white red or orange patterns over the top of a black base color. It usually has black patterns on the head. To know that the fish is of high quality, ensure that the red white and black are balanced evenly about the body with evenly crisp clean edges between each color. The variations include; The Tancho Showa, the Maruten Showa the Gin Rin Showa and the Kin Showa.

• The Tancho; this koi fish has only one red pattern which is a single red dot on the top of its head. The symmetry and placement of the Tancho mark are the main factors when determining its quality. The Tancho make can also appear on other varieties of the koi fish.

• The Taisho Sanke; These are another popular koi fish that have a solid white base overlaid by patterns of both black and red. The high-quality Sanke begins with a great Kohaku pattern to which the black is a welcomed compliment. Their variations include; Doitsu Sanke, Maruten Sanke, and the Tancho Sanke.

• The Shiro Utsuri is a koi with a black base overlain by white areas. A high-quality one will combine clean white patterns with a deep lacquer-like black. A split head of both black and white is also a show of top quality variations include; Gin Rin Shiro Utsuri, Gin Shiro Utsuri, and Doitsu Shiro Utsuri.

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Freshwater Fish

Freshwater Fish – Best fish for Beginners

1. Guppy; This is a great fish for beginners. It is a tropical fish that produces every 30 days. They come in a variety of colors and are quite easy to manage and feed. They are great with live plants and love to move around in the water showing their spectacular colors.

2. Sword Tails and Platy; These are also popular freshwater fish that are easy to keep for beginners. They come in different shapes and colors. There are also those with low fins and those with high ones. One can choose as per their liking. They keep the plant life in the tank clean as they tend to nibble at algae. They are fairly big and thus require tanks ranging from 30 to 50 gallons.

3. Betta fish; These are also quite popular in the majority of households that have aquariums. They are quite cheap and come in a variety of colors. They also have these amazing fins that they like to display as they swim about peacefully in the water. If you get this fish, make sure that you change the water regularly to reduce its toxicity. This will make the fish have a longer lifespan and also the colors will come out more beautifully when the fish is healthy.

4. Neon Tetra; these are another bunch of amazing schooling fish. They are small and thus would not require one to invest in a very large aquarium. The fact that they are small also makes them quite an easy fish to handle. They are peaceful and do not disturb any other fish that may be introduced into the tank. These are freshwater fish that are great for a planted tank as they blend in quite well with all the green vegetation.

5. Corey Fish; These are a large group of freshwater fish and thus will require a bigger tank. They come in a variety of species and they are generally very pleasant to look at. They are a peaceful breed and thus will not disturb other fish in the tank. They also tend to rummage at the bottom of the fish tank. This acts as an advantage as it helps in the filtration of the water by picking up the debris. They should be kept in minimum size groups of maybe 3 to 4 per tank. As they tend to rummage on the substrate a lot, it is best to use a substrate that is fine and smooth.

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Betta Fish

Betta Fish Care

Betta fish has become one of the most popular fishes bred by human beings. They are popular mostly because for one, they are amazing fish to have and two, they come in a variety of colors hence making your aquarium quite beautiful to look at.

Caring tips
• Make sure you give your fish adequate space to move around. The common misconception is that a Betta fish can do well in a small vase or bowl. This is not the case as it requires more space so that it can be more active which in the long run increases its life span.

• Subtle lighting is good for Betta fish. Too much light may be harmful and not conducive to the fish.

• Make sure the pH for the water is approximately 6.4 to 7. Although these fish can do well in hard water, try to soften the water a bit so that they may thrive. Betta fish do well in temperatures of about 76 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit so make sure that you have an adequate thermometer to keep the temperature in check and also a water heater to warm the water during cold days.

• You can condition the water by adding almond leaves that produce a lot of natural acids which are beneficial to the fish.

• Use live aquatic plants mostly the floating plants. These floating plants help them to build bubble nests necessary for their breathing. These plants also offer shade to the fish and reduce the general toxicity of the water making the fish to enjoy a very conducive environment.

• Make sure you do regular water changes so as to reduce the toxicity levels due to the build-up of nitrates.

• Make sure also to feed to Betta fish with the correct amount of food that will help in its growth. Betta fish can eat a wide variety of food for example bloodworms, frozen marine foods, white worms, and even pellets. Two small feeds in a day are recommended. Make sure you do not overfeed the fish as wasted food accumulates at the bottom making the tank dirty and also increases the toxicity levels by producing nitrates. This is not healthy for your fish and thus should be handled with care.

• Last but not least, give your fish love, look for any signs of diseases and treat them before they become worse. Loving your fish will surely make it have a longer lifespan.

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Saltwater Fish

Saltwater Fish for Beginners

If you are a beginner reef or saltwater fanatic, this is definitely the article for you. Below I give some of the easiest and popular saltwater fish, to begin within your aquarium.

1. Chromis
These are an awesome schooling fish to choose and they come in a variety of colors. Blue and green for example look amazing mostly in saltwater aquariums as they have a nice torque body that gives sort of a shimmering effect. These fish are also hardy meaning they can adapt to new environments quickly. They are easy to keep and also come cheap which is an advantage to any beginner.

2. Dwarf Angel
Dwarf Angels are really amazing saltwater fish as they come with an open personality and usually swim around the water with grace and pomp. They also come in a variety of beautiful colors to choose from. They grow around 4-5 inches and thus do not require a huge aquarium. They are a very peaceful fish and love grazing on the algae. They are however pricey as their price ranges from $40 to $70. They are also very hardy and super easy to take care of for beginners.

3. Blennies
There is a variety of these saltwater fish in the market and they include; starry blennies, bicolor blennies, algae blennies, and tail spot blennies. These fish have excellent coloration with unique color patterns that no other fish seems to have. They are a hardy fish meaning they can survive even in tough conditions and are usually sold at a cheap price.

4. Royal Gramma
As the name suggests, these are royal saltwater fish, they tend to be a bit shy when introduced to new environments but with time, they learn to come out. They are very colorful fish and would look amazing in any aquarium.

5. Saltwater Guppies
These are also great beginner saltwater fish. The species vary mostly in terms of color. They are mostly divided into; the yellow prawn, the neon blue, the orange strike, and the diamond watchmen. These are a cool fish to have as they are easy to maintain so long as you feed them well. They are quite hardy and thus can acclimatize to different environments easily. They are not that expensive to buy and keep. The diamond watchmen tend to be more expensive as they sift the sand in your aquarium making it cleaner.


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Breeding Discus for Profit


Breeding animals – fishes, dogs and so on – can be tough, and so is breeding discus for profit. However, breeding is a passion people love, which makes its challenges even more thrilling.

Breeding discus, especially when it’s for profit comes with its fair share of problems. You can’t put a school of discus in a tank, go to sleep and expect money to flood in. However, when it’s done the right way, breeding discus for profit can fulfill both your passion and financial needs.

To successfully breed discus for profit, you have to put some things into consideration. In this article, we’ll take a look at some of the factors to help you start a successful discus breeding business.

Select Healthy Discus Fishes
If you are breeding discus for profit, then it’s always best to select healthy ones. Also, pay attention to discus fishes that have been genetically modified. When choosing discus fishes, consider their shapes and ensure they are round.

Also, there should be a healthy protrusion of fins from their body. Also make sure their eyes aren’t chipped, as discus with chipped eyes may have been genetically engineered.

When breeding discus for profit, also ensure to select good breeding pairs. You can begin producing with 10 or 15 young pairs of the same strain and let them pair off.

Don’t compromise on Equipment
You can’t afford to compromise on equipment when breeding discus for profit as you’ll run at a loss. For the discus tank, choosing one depends on the number of fishes you intend starting with. A tank of about 60 gallons is ideal when you are keeping 7 to 10 discus fishes. You don’t want to overcrowd your tank. Also, an aqua clear 500 filter and water heater are required. For aeration, use a check valve and airstone. If you intend using tap water, you should keep chlorine level low using Seachem Prime.

Ensure High Quality of Water
Poor quality of water is often the root cause of most failures at breeding. Hence, to successfully breed discus for profit, water quality must be high at all times.

High nitrogen level is dangerous to the health of discus fishes, and must, therefore, be kept low. The PH level is also very important and should be slightly alkaline at a range between 6.0 and 6.5. The water temperature must also be suitable at around 90o F.
Therefore, if you intend breeding discus for profit, PH meter, aquatic water heater, and aquarium thermometer are a must-have.

Protect from Gill Flukes
A significant disease of discus is the gill fluke. Young discus fishes sometimes develop gill flukes, which should be treated immediately. You can treat the tank water with Prazipro – an active, ready to use liquid concentrate. Formalin is also effective in protecting young fries from flukes. Wiping the inside of the tank down is another method.

With these suggestions, you can be successful at breeding discus for profit. Who says you can’t live off what you love doing?
You’d love to breed discus fishes for profit but don’t know what to do? Contact us.

Make sure to check our recommended discus breeding supplies.

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